Cooks

Cooks

NOC
6322

Prepare and cook a wide variety of food in eating establishments, such as hotels, restaurants, hospitals, and schools.

Quick facts

3 Year Outlook

Fair
Fair

3 Year Job Openings

471
 

Median Hourly Wage

$12.75
$11.70
Low
$18.00
High

Median Salary

$15,789
 

Typically Required

College or apprenticeship

Employed

4,938
 

% Working Full Time

70%
 

% Working Full Year

54%
 
Job details

Full NOC Description

Cooks prepare and cook a wide variety of foods. They are employed in restaurants, hotels, hospitals and other health care institutions, central food commissaries, educational institutions and other establishments. Cooks are also employed aboard ships and at construction and logging campsites.

Main Duties

Cooks perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Prepare and cook complete meals or individual dishes and foods
  • Prepare and cook special meals for patients as instructed by dietitian or chef
  • Schedule and supervise kitchen helpers
  • Oversee kitchen operations
  • Maintain inventory and records of food, supplies and equipment
  • May set up and oversee buffets
  • May clean kitchen and work area
  • May plan menus, determine size of food portions, estimate food requirements and costs, and monitor and order supplies
  • May hire and train kitchen staff.

Cooks may specialize in preparing and cooking ethnic cuisine or special dishes.

Also Known As

  • apprentice cook
  • cook
  • dietary cook
  • first cook
  • grill cook
  • hospital cook
  • institutional cook
  • journeyman/woman cook
  • licensed cook
  • line cook
  • second cook
  • short order cook
Requirements

Employment Requirements

  • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
  • Completion of a three-year apprenticeship program for cooks or Completion of college or other program in cooking or food safety or Several years of commercial cooking experience may be required.
  • Trade certification is available, but voluntary, in all provinces and territories.
  • Red Seal endorsement is also available to qualified cooks upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.

Provincial Regulation

  • Provincially Regulated: Yes
  • Compulsory: No
  • Red Seal: Yes
Employment by Sex

The following graph shows the percentage of men and women working in this occupation in New Brunswick.

Data legend

53.9%
Female
46.1%
Male
Employment by age

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by age group.

Data legend

27.3%
15-24
17.4%
25-34
15.8%
35-44
20.2%
45-54
17.0%
55-64
2.3%
65+
Employment by highest level of education

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by highest level of education achieved.

Data legend

24.8%
No Certificate, Diploma or Degree
42.8%
High School, Diploma or Equivalent
9.8%
Apprenticeship or Trades Certificate or Diploma
18.9%
College or University Below Bachelor Level
3.8%
University - Bachelor Level or Above
Employment by Industry

The following graph shows the industry groups in which the largest shares of persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick are employed. Small percentages for all top three industry groups may suggest employment for this occupation is widely distributed amongst many industry groups.

Data legend

74.6%
Accommodation and food services
12.2%
Health care and social assistance
3.5%
Retail trade
9.8%
All Other Industries
Employment by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons employed in this occupation in New Brunswick by which economic region they reside in.

Data legend

21.60%
Northeast
28.90%
Southeast
19.70%
Southwest
17.40%
Central
12.50%
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Annual Median Salary by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

Data legend

$15,230
Northeast
$20,934
Southeast
$17,436
Southwest
$17,181
Central
$18,736
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Hourly Median Wages by Economic Regions

The following represents the median hourly wage of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

Northeast

$12.75
$11.70
Low
$17.25
High

Southeast

$12.00
$11.70
Low
$18.00
High

Southwest

$13.00
$11.70
Low
$17.00
High

Central

$13.00
$11.70
Low
$16.00
High

Northwest

$12.75
$11.70
Low
$18.00
High
Salary

This following represents the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation compared to the median salary of workers employed in this occupation that work full-time year-round.

All Workers Employed in this Occupation

$15,789

Workers Employed Full-time, Full-year

$25,759

This following represents the median salary of persons employed in this occupation across each of the Atlantic Provinces and nationally.

New Brunswick

$15,789

Newfoundland

$18,161

Prince Edward Island

$13,294

Nova Scotia

$18,099

Canada

$17,914
Employment Outlook

The following represents the number of job openings that are expected to occur in this occupation over the next three and ten years respectively, broken down by openings expected to result from growth (“new jobs”) and openings expected to result from attrition (death and retirements).

Three Year Outlook

Total Openings: 3 Year

471
 

New Jobs: 3 Year

84
 

Retirements/Deaths: 3 Year

387
 

Ten Year Outlook

Total Openings: 10 Year

1,608
 

New Jobs: 10 Year

356
 

Retirements/Deaths: 10 Year

1,252