Chefs

Chefs

NOC
6321

Plan and direct food preparation and cooking of meals and specialty foods.

Quick facts

3 Year Outlook

Fair
Fair

3 Year Job Openings

51
 

Median Hourly Wage

$16.00
$11.70
Low
$24.00
High

Median Salary

$27,677
 

Typically Required

College or apprenticeship

Employed

555
 

% Working Full Time

87%
 

% Working Full Year

65%
 
Job details

Full NOC Description

This unit group includes various types of chefs who plan and direct food preparation and cooking activities and who prepare and cook meals and specialty foods. They are employed in restaurants, hotels, hospitals and other health care institutions, central food commissaries, clubs and similar establishments, and on ships.

Main Duties

Chefs perform some or all of the following duties:
Chefs

  • Plan and direct food preparation and cooking activities of several restaurants in an establishment, restaurant chains, hospitals or other establishments with food services
  • Consult with clients regarding weddings, banquets and specialty functions
  • Plan menus and ensure food meets quality standards
  • Estimate food requirements and may estimate food and labour costs
  • Supervise activities of sous-chefs, specialist chefs, chefs and cooks
  • Arrange for equipment purchases and repairs
  • Recruit and hire staff
  • May prepare and cook food on a regular basis, or for special guests or functions.

Sous-chefs

  • Supervise activities of specialist chefs, chefs, cooks and other kitchen workers
  • Demonstrate new cooking techniques and new equipment to cooking staff
  • May plan menus and requisition food and kitchen supplies
  • May prepare and cook meals or specialty foods.

Chefs and specialist chefs

  • Prepare and cook complete meals or specialty foods, such as pastries, sauces, soups, salads, vegetables and meat, poultry and fish dishes, and create decorative food displays for special events such as banquets
  • Instruct cooks in preparation, cooking, garnishing and presentation of food
  • Create new recipes
  • Supervise cooks and other kitchen staff
  • May plan menus
  • May requisition food and kitchen supplies.

Also Known As

  • chef
  • corporate chef
  • executive chef
  • executive sous-chef
  • head chef
  • master chef
  • pastry chef
  • saucier
  • sous-chef
  • specialist chef
Requirements

Employment Requirements

  • Completion of secondary school is usually required.
  • Cook's trade certification or equivalent credentials, training and experience are required.
  • Executive chefs usually require management training and several years of experience in commercial food preparation, including two years in a supervisory capacity and Experience as a sous-chef, specialist chef or chef.
  • Sous-chefs, specialist chefs and chefs usually require several years of experience in commercial food preparation.
  • Red Seal endorsement for cooks is also available to qualified chefs upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.
  • The certifications of Certified Working Chef (CWC) and Certified Chef de Cuisine (CCC), administered by the Canadian Culinary Institute (CCI) of the Canadian Culinary Federation (CCFCC) are available to qualified chefs.

Provincial Regulation

Not Provincially Regulated

Employment by Sex

The following graph shows the percentage of men and women working in this occupation in New Brunswick.

Data legend

27.1%
Female
72.9%
Male
Employment by age

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by age group.

Data legend

13.1%
15-24
19.2%
25-34
29.3%
35-44
26.3%
45-54
8.1%
55-64
4.0%
65+
Employment by highest level of education

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by highest level of education achieved.

Data legend

10.2%
No Certificate, Diploma or Degree
22.5%
High School, Diploma or Equivalent
23.5%
Apprenticeship or Trades Certificate or Diploma
26.5%
College or University Below Bachelor Level
17.4%
University - Bachelor Level or Above
Employment by Industry

The following graph shows the industry groups in which the largest shares of persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick are employed. Small percentages for all top three industry groups may suggest employment for this occupation is widely distributed amongst many industry groups.

Data legend

78.4%
Accommodation and food services
6.9%
Health care and social assistance
2.9%
Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services
11.8%
All Other Industries
Employment by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons employed in this occupation in New Brunswick by which economic region they reside in.

Data legend

7.10%
Northeast
33.30%
Southeast
26.30%
Southwest
29.30%
Central
4.00%
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Annual Median Salary by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

Data legend

$27,150
Northeast
$33,854
Southeast
$29,322
Southwest
$31,130
Central
N/A
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Hourly Median Wages by Economic Regions

The following represents the median hourly wage of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

No Data Available
No Data Available

Southwest

$16.00
$11.70
Low
$24.00
High
No Data Available
No Data Available
Salary

This following represents the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation compared to the median salary of workers employed in this occupation that work full-time year-round.

All Workers Employed in this Occupation

$27,677

Workers Employed Full-time, Full-year

$35,024

This following represents the median salary of persons employed in this occupation across each of the Atlantic Provinces and nationally.

New Brunswick

$27,677

Newfoundland

$34,707

Prince Edward Island

$28,961

Nova Scotia

$29,476

Canada

$27,917
Employment Outlook

The following represents the number of job openings that are expected to occur in this occupation over the next three and ten years respectively, broken down by openings expected to result from growth (“new jobs”) and openings expected to result from attrition (death and retirements).

Three Year Outlook

Total Openings: 3 Year

51
 

New Jobs: 3 Year

11
 

Retirements/Deaths: 3 Year

42
 

Ten Year Outlook

Total Openings: 10 Year

180
 

New Jobs: 10 Year

40
 

Retirements/Deaths: 10 Year

141