Psychologists

Psychologists

NOC
4151

Assess, diagnose and treat psychological, emotional and behavioural disorders. They also research and apply theories relating to behaviour and mental processes.

Quick facts

3 Year Outlook

Good
Good

3 Year Job Openings

48
 

Median Hourly Wage

$36.50
$15.30
Low
$46.15
High

Median Salary

$65,602
 

Typically Required

University

Employed

482
 

% Working Full Time

84%
 

% Working Full Year

57%
 
Job details

Full NOC Description

Psychologists assess and diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients, provide therapy, conduct research and apply theory relating to behaviour and mental processes. Psychologists help clients work toward the maintenance and enhancement of psychological, physical, intellectual, emotional, social and interpersonal functioning.

Main Duties

Psychologists perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Examine and assess behaviour, diagnose behavioural, emotional and cognitive disorders, counsel clients and provide therapy
  • Help clients manage physical illness and disorders
  • Counsel individuals and groups to achieve more effective personal, social and vocational development and adjustment, and offer mediation services
  • Use standard psychological tests for assessment
  • Plan intervention programs and conduct program evaluation
  • Apply psychological theory and principles regarding behaviour and mental processes such as learning, language development, memory and perception to develop treatment programs
  • Formulate hypotheses and experimental designs, review literature, conduct studies and publish research papers, educational texts and articles
  • Deliver presentations at conferences, workshops or symposia
  • Provide consultation services to government and other organizations.

Psychologists may specialize in applied psychology or experimental research. Sub-specialties include behavioural psychology, child psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, educational psychology, industrial psychology, neuropsychology, social psychology or sports psychology.

Also Known As

  • clinical psychologist
  • experimental psychologist
  • psychological associate
  • psychologist
  • research psychologist
Requirements

Employment Requirements

  • A doctoral degree in psychology is required in order to use the designation "Psychologist" in Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia.
  • A master's degree in psychology is required for the designation "Psychologist" in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Alberta, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
  • A master's degree in psychology is required in order to use the designation "Psychological Associate" in Prince Edward Island, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia.
  • A period of supervised practical experience is required in most jurisdictions.
  • Successful completion of the written Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) is required in most provinces.
  • Oral examinations and board interviews are required in some provinces.
  • Registration with a regulatory body is required in all provinces, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
  • Membership in the provincial professional association for psychologists is mandatory in all provinces, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
  • Psychologists can become specialized in a particular area through training and experience.

Provincial Regulation

  • Provincially Regulated: Yes
  • Compulsory: Yes
  • Red Seal: No
  • Certified Interprovincial Mobility: Yes
Employment by Sex

The following graph shows the percentage of men and women working in this occupation in New Brunswick.

Data legend

81.1%
Female
18.9%
Male
Employment by age

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by age group.

Data legend

3.2%
15-24
24.7%
25-34
17.2%
35-44
23.7%
45-54
17.2%
55-64
14.0%
65+
Employment by highest level of education

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by highest level of education achieved.

Data legend

0.0%
No Certificate, Diploma or Degree
0.0%
High School, Diploma or Equivalent
0.0%
Apprenticeship or Trades Certificate or Diploma
0.0%
College or University Below Bachelor Level
100.0%
University - Bachelor Level or Above
Employment by Industry

The following graph shows the industry groups in which the largest shares of persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick are employed. Small percentages for all top three industry groups may suggest employment for this occupation is widely distributed amongst many industry groups.

Data legend

71.4%
Health care and social assistance
17.6%
Educational services
8.8%
Public administration
2.2%
All Other Industries
Employment by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons employed in this occupation in New Brunswick by which economic region they reside in.

Data legend

16.70%
Northeast
41.10%
Southeast
16.70%
Southwest
23.30%
Central
2.20%
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Annual Median Salary by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

Data legend

$64,665
Northeast
$65,705
Southeast
$64,104
Southwest
$73,610
Central
N/A
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Hourly Median Wages by Economic Regions

The following represents the median hourly wage of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

No Data Available

Southeast

$36.50
$15.30
Low
$46.15
High
No Data Available
No Data Available
No Data Available
Salary

This following represents the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation compared to the median salary of workers employed in this occupation that work full-time year-round.

All Workers Employed in this Occupation

$65,602

Workers Employed Full-time, Full-year

$68,601

This following represents the median salary of persons employed in this occupation across each of the Atlantic Provinces and nationally.

New Brunswick

$65,602

Newfoundland

$74,540

Prince Edward Island

$31,703

Nova Scotia

$63,965

Canada

$55,926
Employment Outlook

The following represents the number of job openings that are expected to occur in this occupation over the next three and ten years respectively, broken down by openings expected to result from growth (“new jobs”) and openings expected to result from attrition (death and retirements).

Three Year Outlook

Total Openings: 3 Year

48
 

New Jobs: 3 Year

5
 

Retirements/Deaths: 3 Year

43
 

Ten Year Outlook

Total Openings: 10 Year

144
 

New Jobs: 10 Year

6
 

Retirements/Deaths: 10 Year

139