Biologists and related scientists

Biologists and related scientists

NOC
2121

Conduct basic and applied research to extend knowledge of living organisms, to manage natural resources, and to develop new practices and products related to medicine and agriculture.

Quick facts

3 Year Outlook

Fair
Fair

3 Year Job Openings

18
 

Median Hourly Wage

$31.25
$20.00
Low
$48.82
High

Median Salary

$57,914
 

Typically Required

University

Employed

322
 

% Working Full Time

94%
 

% Working Full Year

68%
 
Job details

Full NOC Description

Biologists and related scientists conduct basic and applied research to extend knowledge of living organisms, to manage natural resources, and to develop new practices and products related to medicine and agriculture. They are employed in both laboratory and field settings by governments, environmental consulting companies, resource and utilities companies, chemical, pharmaceutical and biotechnical companies and health and educational institutions.

Main Duties

Biologists and related scientists perform some or all of the following duties:
Biologists

  • Plan and conduct studies of the environment, and of the population, distribution, structure and functional characteristics and behaviour of plants and animals
  • Conduct ecological and environmental impact studies and prepare reports
  • Study, identify and classify plant and animal specimens
  • Conduct experiments in plant or animal growth, heredity and breeding
  • Prepare reports and plans for management of renewable resources
  • May supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists.

Microbiologists and cell and molecular biologists

  • Conduct research into the structure, function, ecology, biotechnology and genetics of micro-organisms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and algae
  • Conduct research into the structure and functioning of human, animal and plant tissues and cells
  • Conduct studies into the identification, effects and control of human, plant and animal pathogens and toxins
  • Conduct clinical or laboratory studies to test, evaluate and screen drugs, pharmaceuticals and nanoparticles used in biomedical applications
  • Conduct molecular or biochemical studies and experiments in genetic expression, gene manipulation and recombinant DNA technology to develop new or alternative methods of producing products
  • Conduct research in biotechnology to discover, develop and refine, and evaluate new products
  • May participate in the commercialization of new products
  • May supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists
  • May conduct biostatistical data analysis using computer modelling techniques.

Biologists and related scientists may specialize at the macroscopic level, in fields such as botany, zoology, ecology and marine biology or, at the cellular and molecular level, in fields such as genetics, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, physiology, pathology, bacteriology, virology, biotechnology and bioinformatics.

Also Known As

  • anatomist
  • bacteriologist
  • bioinformatician
  • biologist
  • botanist
  • cell biologist
  • ecologist
  • embryologist
  • geneticist
  • histologist
  • immunologist
  • marine biologist
  • microbiologist
  • molecular biologist
  • mycologist
  • parasitologist
  • pharmacologist
  • physiologist
  • protozoologist
  • toxicologist
  • virologist
  • zoologist
Requirements

Employment Requirements

  • A bachelor's degree in biology or in a related discipline is required for biologists.
  • A master's or doctoral degree in biology or a related discipline is required for employment as a research scientist in biology.
  • Post-doctoral research experience is usually required before employment in academic departments or research institutions.
  • Biologists are regulated in Alberta and British Columbia.

Provincial Regulation

Not Provincially Regulated

Employment by Sex

The following graph shows the percentage of men and women working in this occupation in New Brunswick.

Data legend

50.0%
Female
50.0%
Male
Employment by age

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by age group.

Data legend

2.9%
15-24
23.5%
25-34
35.3%
35-44
20.6%
45-54
14.7%
55-64
2.9%
65+
Employment by highest level of education

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by highest level of education achieved.

Data legend

0.0%
No Certificate, Diploma or Degree
2.9%
High School, Diploma or Equivalent
0.0%
Apprenticeship or Trades Certificate or Diploma
2.9%
College or University Below Bachelor Level
94.2%
University - Bachelor Level or Above
Employment by Industry

The following graph shows the industry groups in which the largest shares of persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick are employed. Small percentages for all top three industry groups may suggest employment for this occupation is widely distributed amongst many industry groups.

Data legend

49.3%
Public administration
27.5%
Professional, scientific and technical services
8.7%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
14.5%
All Other Industries
Employment by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons employed in this occupation in New Brunswick by which economic region they reside in.

Data legend

7.50%
Northeast
32.80%
Southeast
19.40%
Southwest
29.90%
Central
10.40%
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Annual Median Salary by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

Data legend

N/A
Northeast
$72,816
Southeast
$50,032
Southwest
$65,989
Central
N/A
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Hourly Median Wages by Economic Regions

The following represents the median hourly wage of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

No Data Available
Salary

This following represents the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation compared to the median salary of workers employed in this occupation that work full-time year-round.

All Workers Employed in this Occupation

$57,914

Workers Employed Full-time, Full-year

$69,358

This following represents the median salary of persons employed in this occupation across each of the Atlantic Provinces and nationally.

New Brunswick

$57,914

Newfoundland

$75,376

Prince Edward Island

$74,489

Nova Scotia

$55,880

Canada

$62,799
Employment Outlook

The following represents the number of job openings that are expected to occur in this occupation over the next three and ten years respectively, broken down by openings expected to result from growth (“new jobs”) and openings expected to result from attrition (death and retirements).

Three Year Outlook

Total Openings: 3 Year

18
 

New Jobs: 3 Year

0
 

Retirements/Deaths: 3 Year

18
 

Ten Year Outlook

Total Openings: 10 Year

64
 

New Jobs: 10 Year

5
 

Retirements/Deaths: 10 Year

60