Geoscientists and oceanographers

Geoscientists and oceanographers

NOC
2113

Explore and research the structure, composition and processes of the earth; explore and research ocean processes, phenomena, characteristics, and interactions with the atmosphere and land.

Quick facts

3 Year Outlook

Undetermined
Undetermined

3 Year Job Openings

13
 

Median Hourly Wage

N/A

Median Salary

$63,301
 

Typically Required

University

Employed

93
 

% Working Full Time

90%
 

% Working Full Year

58%
 
Job details

Full NOC Description

Geoscientists include geologists, geochemists and geophysicists who conduct programs of exploration and research to extend knowledge of the structure, composition and processes of the earth, to locate, identify and extract hydrocarbon, mineral and groundwater resources and to assess and mitigate the effects of development and waste disposal projects on the environment.

Main Duties

Geoscientists perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Conduct theoretical and applied research to extend knowledge of surface and subsurface features of the earth, its history and the operation of physical, chemical and biological systems that control its evolution
  • Plan, direct and participate in geological, geochemical and geophysical field studies, drilling and geological testing programs
  • Plan and conduct seismic, geodetic, electromagnetic, magnetic, gravimetric, radiometric, radar and other remote sensing programs
  • Plan, direct and participate in analyses of geological, geochemical and geophysical survey data, well logs and other test results, maps, notes and cross sections
  • Develop models and applied software for the analysis and interpretation of data
  • Plan and conduct analytical studies of core samples, drill cuttings and rock samples to identify chemical, mineral, hydrocarbon and biological composition and to assess depositional environments and geological age
  • Assess the size, orientation and composition of mineral ore bodies and hydrocarbon deposits
  • Identify deposits of construction materials and determine their characteristics and suitability for use as concrete aggregates, road fill or for other applications
  • Conduct geological and geophysical studies for regional development and advise in areas such as site selection, waste management and restoration of contaminated sites
  • Recommend the acquisition of lands, exploration and mapping programs and mine development
  • Identify and advise on anticipated natural risks such as slope erosion, landslides, soil instability, subsidence, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
  • May supervise and co-ordinate well drilling, completion and work-overs and mining activities.

Geologists may specialize in fields such as coal geology, environmental geology, geochronology, hydrogeology, mineral deposits or mining, petroleum geology, stratigraphy, tectonics, volcanology or in other fields.
Geochemists may specialize in analytical geochemistry, hydrogeochemistry, mineral or petroleum geochemistry or in other fields.
Geophysicists may specialize in areas, such as petroleum geology, earth physics, geodesy, geoelectromagnetism, seismology or in other fields.


Oceanographers perform some or all of the following duties:

  • Conduct theoretical and applied oceanographic research programs and expeditions to extend knowledge of the physical, chemical and biological properties and functioning of oceans
  • Plan, direct and participate in sampling and analysis of seawater, plankton, fish, sediments and rocks
  • Study physical properties of oceans to develop models, charts and computer simulations of ocean conditions, such as tides, waves, currents and sediment transport
  • Explore ocean floor and submarine geological structures, conduct seismic surveys and study formation of ocean basins and other structures to map ocean floor, coastal erosion, sediment accumulation and areas for offshore oil and gas exploration
  • Plan and conduct investigations on ocean chemical properties and processes, ocean floor and marine atmosphere and undersea volcanoes to study impacts of environmental changes
  • Study marine life and interaction with physical and chemical environments to assess impacts of pollutants on marine ecology and to develop ecologically-based methods of seafarming.

Oceanographers may specialize in biological, chemical, geological or physical oceanography, or in other fields related to the study of oceans.

Also Known As

  • development geologist
  • environmental geologist
  • exploration geologist
  • geochemist
  • geologist
  • geophysicist
  • glaciologist
  • groundwater geologist
  • hydrogeologist
  • hydrologist
  • mine geologist
  • mineralogist
  • oceanographer
  • paleontologist
  • petroleum geologist
  • petrologist
  • sedimentologist
  • seismologist
  • stratigrapher
Requirements

Employment Requirements

  • Geoscientists require a university degree in geology, geochemistry, geophysics or a related discipline.
  • A master's or doctoral degree in geophysics, physics, mathematics or engineering may be required for employment as a geophysicist.
  • Registration with a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers, geologists, geophysicists or geoscientists is usually required for employment and is mandatory to practice in all provinces and territories except Prince Edward Island and the Yukon.
  • Geologists and geophysicists are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited educational program and after several years of supervised work experience and, in some provinces, after passing a professional practice examination.
  • Oceanographers require a university degree in science, mathematics, statistics or engineering and usually require a graduate degree in oceanography.

Provincial Regulation

  • Provincially Regulated: Yes
  • Compulsory: Yes
  • Red Seal: No
  • Certified Interprovincial Mobility: Yes
Employment by Sex

The following graph shows the percentage of men and women working in this occupation in New Brunswick.

Data legend

15.0%
Female
85.0%
Male
Employment by age

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by age group.

Data legend

0.0%
15-24
10.5%
25-34
31.6%
35-44
10.5%
45-54
31.6%
55-64
15.8%
65+
Employment by highest level of education

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick by highest level of education achieved.

Data legend

0.0%
No Certificate, Diploma or Degree
0.0%
High School, Diploma or Equivalent
0.0%
Apprenticeship or Trades Certificate or Diploma
0.0%
College or University Below Bachelor Level
100.0%
University - Bachelor Level or Above
Employment by Industry

The following graph shows the industry groups in which the largest shares of persons working in this occupation in New Brunswick are employed. Small percentages for all top three industry groups may suggest employment for this occupation is widely distributed amongst many industry groups.

Data legend

42.1%
Professional, scientific and technical services
31.6%
Public administration
15.8%
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction
10.5%
All Other Industries
Employment by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the breakdown of all persons employed in this occupation in New Brunswick by which economic region they reside in.

Data legend

19.00%
Northeast
9.50%
Southeast
9.50%
Southwest
61.90%
Central
0.00%
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Annual Median Salary by Economic Regions

The following graph shows the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

Data legend

N/A
Northeast
N/A
Southeast
N/A
Southwest
$73,787
Central
N/A
Northwest
Province of New Brunswick Economic Regions

Economic Regions

The following map displays New Brunswick’s five economic regions. An economic region (ER) is a grouping of counties, created as a standard unit for analysis of regional economic activity across Canada.

Hourly Median Wages by Economic Regions

The following represents the median hourly wage of all persons employed in this occupation in each of New Brunswick’s five economic regions.

No Data Available
Salary

This following represents the median salary of all persons employed in this occupation compared to the median salary of workers employed in this occupation that work full-time year-round.

All Workers Employed in this Occupation

$63,301

Workers Employed Full-time, Full-year

$73,904

This following represents the median salary of persons employed in this occupation across each of the Atlantic Provinces and nationally.

New Brunswick

$63,301

Newfoundland

$118,105

Prince Edward Island

N/A

Nova Scotia

$76,971

Canada

$88,567
Employment Outlook

The following represents the number of job openings that are expected to occur in this occupation over the next three and ten years respectively, broken down by openings expected to result from growth (“new jobs”) and openings expected to result from attrition (death and retirements).

Three Year Outlook

Total Openings: 3 Year

13
 

New Jobs: 3 Year

0
 

Retirements/Deaths: 3 Year

13
 

Ten Year Outlook

Total Openings: 10 Year

44
 

New Jobs: 10 Year

5
 

Retirements/Deaths: 10 Year

40